Category Archives: Architecture

When was Saint Basil’s Cathedral built ?

1555 – 1561

Saint Basil’s Cathedralcommonly known as The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, in Moscow, Russia, was built by Ivan the Terrible from 1555-1561 and commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. The building, now a museum, is officially known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat. I visited Moscow in November 2004. I saw Lenin’s body in the Mausoleum. It was beautiful city.

St Basil Cathedral and Sky in Moscow

St Basil at Night, Moscow, Russia

St Basil Cathedral Map



Why was the statue of Christ the Redeemer built ?

Because it was built as a Symbol of Brazilian Christianity

  • Christ the Redeemer is located in the Tijuca Forest National Forest, at the top of the Corcovado Mountain, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Christ the Redeemer is the largest art deco statue in the world. It is 98 feet tall (not including the 26 foot pedestal), and the arms stretch to 92 feet wide.
  • The statue weighs approximately 635 tonnes.
  • Christ the Redeemer is the 5th largest statue of Jesus.
  • The chosen statue is meant to show that Christ loves all and will embrace all that come to him.
  • The right arm points to south Rio de Janeiro and the left arm points to north Rio de Janeiro.

Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • The first suggestion to build a large religious monument was made in the 1850s by a Catholic priest names Pedro Maria Boss. The request for financing wasn’t approved because Princess Isabel was not a fan of the idea. The request was officially denied in 1889 when Brazil mandated the separation of church and state. A petition started by a group in the early 1920s, called the Catholic Circle of Rio, was successful. Construction began in 1922 and took nine years to complete.
Aerial view of the Statue of Christ the Redeemer (Cristo Redentor), Corcovado Mountain, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Aerial view of the Statue of Christ the Redeemer (Cristo Redentor), Corcovado Mountain, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

christ redeemer

Christ the Redeemer and the Moon

Christ the Redeemer Quiiz

Christ the Redeemer Map

Christ the Redeemer History -

Christ the Redeemer at Night

Why is the bridge named the Golden Gate ?

The Bridge is named for the Golden Gate Strait.

  • The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate strait, the mile-wide, three-mile-long channel between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay in San Francisco. Golden Gate Bridge is the most famous and most photographed bridge in the world.
  • It was built by engineer Joseph Strauss (1870-1938) in 1933.
  • The Bridge’s official hue is not gold but International Orange.
  • The Golden Gate strait was named by explorer and U.S. Army officer John C. Frémont (1813-1890), who marveled at its beauty in 1846, two years before the discovery of gold in California. In his memoirs, he wrote that he named it Chrysopolae (Golden Gate) because of its similarity to the harbor of Byzantium (modern-day Istanbul), dubbed Chrysoceras (Golden Horn).

Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco

John-C.-Fremont                 Joseph Strauss 1870-1938 Joseph Strauss

Golden Bridge Gate & Joseph Strauss' statue   Joseph Strauss Plaque

Golden Gate Bridge Fog

Who Built the Eiffel Tower ?

Gustave Eiffel

  • The Eiffel Tower, the iconic Parisian landmark, was built for the International Exhibition of Paris of 1889 by a French engineer and architect Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923).
  • It was constructed to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution.
  • The French have a nickname for the tower : La Dame de Fer, “the Iron Lady“. And La Tour Eiffel in French.
  • The Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII of England, opened the tower.
  • Gustave Eiffel designed the internal frame for the Statue of Liberty in 1875.
  • The Eiffel Tower is 1,063 feetweighs 10,000 tons, and has 108 stories with 1,710 steps.
  • The sun causes the tower to grow about 6 inches.
  • There are 5 billion lights on the Eiffel Tower.

Eiffel Tower, Paris, France

Gustave Eiffel 1832-1923

Gustave Eiffel and Statue of Liberty

Eiffel Tower Close up

Eiffel Tower Construction

View from the top of Eiffel Tower

View from the Eiffel Tower, Paris

Eiffel Tower at Night

Gustave Eiffel Signature

How old is the Great Pyramid of Giza ?

4,575 years

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops, is the oldest of the Seven Wonder of the Ancient World. 
  • It is the largest of the three pyramids (Pyramid of Khufu, Pyramid of Khafre and Pyramid of Menkaure) located in the neighborhood of Cairo, the capital of Egypt, and the only one to remain largely intact.
  • Great Pyramid of Giza was built in 2560 BC by Pharaoh Khufu Imhotep Hemiunu.
  • There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid : King’s Chamber – Queen’s Chamber – Unfinished Chamber.

Great Pyramid of Giza

Great Pyramid of Giza Inside

Great Pyramid of Giza - Entrance

Climbing Inside the Great Pyramid of Giza

Great Pyramid of Giza - Pyramid of Khufu, Grand Gallery

Pyramid of Khufu Interior

Great Pyramid of Giza - Pyramid of Khufu - King's Chamber entrance

Pyramid Chambers

Pyramid of Giza - King's Chambers                  Great Pyramid of Giza - King's Chamber Inside Coffer

Great Pyramid of Giza - King's Chamber coffer

Great Pyramid Facts

Pyramid of Khufu & Stars