Category Archives: History

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman Timeline

Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

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Top 10 Most Evil People in History

10 Most Evil People in History

1 – Hitler

Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As dictator of Nazi Germany, he initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and was a central figure of the Holocaust.

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2 – Joseph Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was a Georgian dictator, and was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Holding the post of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, he was effectively the dictator of the state.

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3 – Osama Bin Laden

Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden was the founder of al-Qaeda, the organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets worldwide.

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4 – Vlad Tepes (Dracula)

Vlad III (Known as “Vlad the Impaler” or “Vlad Dracula”, born 1431) was the ruler of Wallachia a total of three times before his death in 1476/7. He is most famous for his reputation as a dictator and his gruesome torture methods and executions, in which he has served as an inspiration for Count Dracula and, in turn, the vampire mythology.

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5 – Pol Pot

Pol Pot, born Saloth Sar, was a Cambodian revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until 1997. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.

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6 – Ivan the Terrible

Ivan was Tsar of Russia from 1533 to 1584.  Ivan was cruel, brutal and merciless even as a kid.  When he was young, he had had habits of taking creatures like dogs, cats, bears, and other creatures to the top of tall buildings and then throwing them to the ground.  Ivan killed people when he was a teenager.  Ivan destroyed hundreds of villages, towns and cities.  In the Novgorod Massacre, 60,000 were tortured to death.  Ivan had his own personal torture chamber.

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7 – Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan c. 1162 – August 18 1227, born Temüjin, was the founder and Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death. He was responsible for the deaths of nearly 40 million people.

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8 – Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, and later, the Baghdad-based Ba’ath Party and its regional organization Ba’ath Party – Iraq Region—which espoused Ba’athism, a mix of Arab nationalism and socialism—Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to power in Iraq. Hussein was executed by hanging on December 30, 2006.

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9 – Idi Amin

Idi Amin Dada was the third President of Uganda, ruling from 1971 to 1979. Amin joined the British colonial regiment, the King’s African Rifles in 1946, serving in Kenya and Uganda. Eventually, Amin held the rank of major general in the post-colonial Ugandan Army and became its commander before seizing power in the military coup of January 1971, deposing Milton Obote. He later promoted himself to field marshal while he was the head of state.

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10 – Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary and founding father of the People’s Republic of China, which he governed as Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949, until his death in 1976. His Marxist–Leninist theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism or Marxism–Leninism–Maoism.

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Top 10 Most Peaceful People in History

10 Most Peaceful People in History

1 – Jesus of Nazareth

Jesus Christ of Nazareth is the most peaceful person that has ever lived. People might want to argue that point but Christ never personally killed or sanctioned the killing of anyone when he was alive. As a matter of fact, Christ encouraged people to be as peace with each other. He also is known as the Prince of Peace. Christ wanted people to live peacefully during their time on Earth. He understood that this attribute was necessary for helping people to live the best lives possible without being in conflict with their fellow man.

Jesus Christ

 

2 – Mohandas Gandhi

During the early part of the 20th century many Indian people wanted to be from British rule. Mohandas Gandhi was a leading figure in a movement that helped the nation of India to achieve this goal. One of the key tenants of this man’s philosophy for removing the British from power was non-violence. Gandhi was no passivist or coward. He just understood that his people would not gain their freedom if they continued to meet force with force. They tried that method many times before and were never successful. Gandhi’s way of peace not only impacted his people, it also impacted the world.

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3 – William Wilberforce

William Wilberforce was one of the leading figures of the slave trade that took place during the 18th century. Wilberforce was a slaver who enjoyed his work. Then one day he had an encounter with Christianity and its central figure, Jesus Christ. This changed his view on the matter. Wilberforce became a Christian and a short time later he began to speak and act out against the slave trade. Wilberforce did not lead an army or cause a rebellion to make change.

Instead, he used the power of politics and his influence to change the course of history. Wilberforce already knew that there would be no peace unless people ended the slave trade. In those days, slavery was an institution that was destined to be chaotic and troubling. There could never be real peace in that type of lifestyle.

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4 – Martin Luther King Jr

Martin Luther King Jr. was a Christian who believed in the teachings of Jesus Christ. He also took to Gandhi’s methods of non-violence to help change America’s racial institutions. King was considered the premiere Civil Rights leader in this country. He even has a holiday named after him. King knew that as long as there was racial inequality, peace would never exist.

So, he used his faith in Christ and Gandhi’s teachings to help change the current social order in America. While King’s contributions might not have made everything peaceful, his push for equality helped to significantly reduce the amount of tensions and problems that would have resulted if America was left in the old racial system.

Martin Luther King Jr Quote

 

5 – Mikhail Gorbachev

Gorbachev forced peace into the world because he realized that the Cold War had to come to an end. He even let the eastern countries that the Soviet Union had been controlling for years go free. The former Soviet Union was already weakening by the 1990’s and Gorbachev wisely realized that it was pointless to try and keep things heading in the same direction. The Soviet’s time was over and it was time for the Russians to take their nation in whole new direction. He is one amongst the Top 10 Most Peaceful Men Ever until 2017.

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6 – Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela was South Africa’s most powerful figure and he was a powerful figure in the world. Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years for fighting for freedom in South Africa. When he was released he could have easily amassed an army and wiped the South African government out. He did them one better.

He told his people to lay down their arms and to beat the system through political means. Mandela won and became the nation’s first black president. He won the Noble Peace Prize during the 90s for his life’s achievements. He was considered one of the last great remaining figures of the 20th century. Ultimately, Mandela’s actions helped to save countless lives from brutal bloodshed.

Nelson Mandela Quote about Education

 

7 – Mother Teresa 

Mother Teresa was a woman who truly understood the value of peace in its broadest sense. This lady worked effortlessly to help people in Calcutta. She was from Albania and worked hard to ease the suffering of people everywhere. Mother Teresa is memorable figure because she was peaceful, tranquil and really had a heart with pure intentions. Remember, she was Christian that believed in Jesus Christ. So, his teachings influenced her life in terms of being peaceful. She took this peace and used it to bring more peace into the lives of the poor and the afflicted.

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8 – Confucius 

Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. Confucius spread many messages of peace and harmony through his teachings. He wanted the warring Chinese people to understand that there is a better way in life besides going to war and fighting all the time. He worked real hard to enlighten the minds of his contemporaries so that they would no longer keep holding onto violence and embrace peace instead.

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9 – Cesar Chavez 

Cesar Chavez used non-violent tactics to help bring about a better life for Mexican agricultural workers within America. He too realized that non-violence was the best policy to take when trying to change the system. He also did not want people to needlessly die for this cause. Chavez was a good man who wanted to ensure that his people had the best chance possible with living and fulfilling the American Dream.

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10 – Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau was an American intellectual that lived during the 19th century. He was one of the first people to advocate a non-violent approach to changing governments, laws, society and politics. He told people that they had a right to create civil disobedience if their government was unjust. However, he never advocated for anyone to pick up a gun to make change. Instead, he believed in non-violent tactics that were aggressive and decisive in getting systems to change.

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7 Greatest Speeches of Martin Luther King Jr

1 – I Have a Dream – August 28, 1963

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smEqnnklfYs

- I Have A Dream - by Dr Martin Luther King

 

2 – Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation September 12, 1962

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7t35qDYHgc

 

3 – Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech – December 10, 1964

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5r98tT0j1a0

 

4 – Selma Speeches March 7, 1965

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0On19DRA2fU

 

5 – Beyond Vietman – April 4, 1967

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1VB7FN0_AI

 

6 – I’ve Been to the Mountaintop – April 3, 1968

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDl84vusXos

 

7 – Montgomery Bus Boycott – December 5, 1955

“Right here in Montgomery, when the history books are written in the future, somebody will have to say, ‘There lived a race of people, a black people, “fleecy locks and black complexion.” a people who had the moral courage to stand up for their rights. And thereby they injected a new meaning into the veins of history and of civilization.’ And we’re gonna do that. God grant that we will do it before it is too late.”

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Top 10 Most Influential Jewish in History

1 – Jesus (7–2 BC — 26–36 AD)

Jesus of Nazareth is the founding figure of Christianity and Christianity is the religion that shaped Europe, and much of the world as a consequence. As the largest religion in the world, there is no doubt that Christianity is still making an impact to this day. The principal sources of information regarding Jesus’ life and teachings are the four canonical gospels. Most critical scholars in the fields of history and biblical studies believe that ancient texts on Jesus’ life are at least partially accurate, agreeing that Jesus was a Galilean Jew who was regarded as a teacher and healer. They also generally accept that he was baptized by John the Baptist, and was crucified in Jerusalem on orders of the Roman Prefect of Judaea Pontius Pilate, on the charge of sedition against the Roman Empire.

Jesus Christ

2 – Moses (1393 BC – 1273)

Moses is a Biblical Hebrew religious leader, lawgiver, a Levi, prophet, and military leader, who wrote the Torah. He is the most important prophet in Judaism. According to the book of Exodus, Moses was born to a Hebrew mother, Jochebed, who hid him when a Pharaoh ordered all newborn Hebrew boys to be killed, and he ended up being adopted into the Egyptian royal family. After killing an Egyptian slave-master, Moses fled and became a shepherd, and was later commanded by God to deliver the Hebrews from slavery. After the Ten Plagues were unleashed on Egypt, he led the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt, through the Red Sea, where they wandered in the desert for 40 years, during which time, according to the Bible, Moses received the Ten Commandments.

Moses by Michelangelo in San Pietro in Vincoli Rome Italy

3 – Abraham (2000 BC to 1825 BC)

Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions regard Abraham as the founding patriarch of the Israelites, Ishmaelites and Edomite peoples. He is widely regarded as the patriarch of Judaism and monotheism. Abraham means “High Father”, coming from the Aramaic words “Aba Rama”. Judaism, Christianity and Islam are sometimes referred to as the “Abrahamic religions”, because of the progenitor role Abraham plays in their holy books. According to Genesis, Abraham was brought by God from Mesopotamia to the land of Canaan. There Abraham entered into a covenant: in exchange for sole recognition of God as supreme universal deity and authority, Abraham will be blessed with innumerable progeny.

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4 – Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955)

Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. He is best known for his theory of relativity and specifically mass–energy equivalence, E = mc², the most famous equation of the twentieth century. Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.” Einstein published over 300 scientific works and over 150 non-scientific works. Einstein is revered by the physics community, and in 1999 Time magazine named him the “Person of the Century”. In wider culture the name “Einstein” has become synonymous with genius.

Albert Einstein

5 – Maimonides (1135 – 1204)

Moses Maimonides, also known as the Rambam, was a rabbi, physician, and philosopher in Spain, Morocco and Egypt during the Middle Ages. He was the preeminent medieval Jewish philosopher whose ideas also influenced the non-Jewish world. One of the central tenets of Maimonides’s philosophy is that it is impossible for the truths arrived at by human intellect to contradict those revealed by God. Although his copious works on Jewish law and ethics were initially met with opposition during his lifetime, he was posthumously acknowledged to be one of the foremost rabbinical arbiters and philosophers in Jewish history. Today, his works and his views are considered a cornerstone of Jewish thought and study.

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6 – Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939)

Sigmund Freud, born Sigismund Shlomo Freud, was an Austrian psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression and for creating the clinical practice of psychoanalysis for curing psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud is also renowned for his redefinition of sexual desire as the primary motivational energy of human life, as well as his therapeutic techniques, including the use of free association, his theory of transference in the therapeutic relationship, and the interpretation of dreams as sources of insight into unconscious desires.

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7 – Baruch de Spinoza (1632 – 1677)

Baruch or Benedict de Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher of Portuguese Jewish origin. Revealing considerable scientific aptitude, the breadth and importance of Spinoza’s work was not fully realized until years after his death. Today, he is considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy, laying the groundwork for the 18th century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism. By virtue of his magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes’ mind–body dualism, Spinoza is considered to be one of Western philosophy’s most important philosophers.

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8 – Gustav Mahler (1860 – 1911)

Gustav Mahler was a composer and conductor, born in Bohemia (formerly part of the Austrian Empire, currently located in the Czech Republic), and identified throughout his life as a German-speaking Austrian. Mahler was best known during his own lifetime as one of the leading orchestral and operatic conductors of the day. He has since come to be acknowledged as among the most important late-romantic composers, although his music was never completely accepted by the musical establishment of Vienna while he was still alive. Mahler composed primarily symphonies and songs; however, his approach to genre often blurred the lines between orchestral song, symphony, and symphonic poem.

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9 – Niels Bohr (1885 – 1962)

Niels Henrik David Bohr was a Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr mentored and collaborated with many of the top physicists of the century at his institute in Copenhagen. He was also part of the team of physicists working on the Manhattan Project. Bohr married Margrethe Nørlund in 1912, and one of their sons, Aage Niels Bohr, grew up to be an important physicist who, like his father, received the Nobel prize, in 1975. Bohr has been described as one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century.

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10 – David Ben-Gurion (1886 – 1973)

David Ben-Gurion was the first Prime Minister of Israel. Ben-Gurion’s passion for Zionism, which began early in life, culminated in his instrumental role in the founding of the state of Israel. After leading Israel to victory in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Ben-Gurion helped build the state institutions and oversaw the absorption of vast numbers of Jews from all over the world. Upon retiring from political life in 1970, he moved to Sde Boker, where he lived until his death. Posthumously, Ben-Gurion was named one of Time Magazine’s 100 Most Important People of the Century.

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